The first four of God's commandments reveals our duty to God; the final six our proper relation to man.         



1."Thou shalt have no other gods before Me"....There is no other God, and no false gods are to have place in our lives. The sin against this commandment which we are most in danger of is giving the glory and honor to Any creature which are due to God only. Pride makes a god of self. Covetousness makes a god of money, sensuality makes a god of belly. Whatever is esteemed or loved, feared or served, delighted in or depend on, more than God, [whatever it is] we do in effect make a god of. [1] that we  cannot have any other God but He will certainly know it, [2] That it is a sin that dares Him to His face, which He cannot, which He will not, overlook....

2"Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image".....Concern the ordinances of worship, or the way in which God will be worshiped...It is called the changing of the Truth of God into a lie [Rom. 1:25],  for an image is a teacher of lies; it insinuates to us that God has a body, whereas He is an infinite spirit, [Hab. 2:18]. It also forbids us to make images of God in our fancies, as if He were a man as we are. Our religious worship must be governed by the power of faith, not by the power of imagination. The reasons to enforce this prohibition, [1] God's jealousy in the matters of His worship. "I the Lord Jehovah, and thy God , am a jealous God, especially in things of this nature. [2] The punishment of idolaters. God looks upon them as haters of Him. [3] The favor God would show to His faithful worshipers....As the first commandment requires the inward worship of love, desires, joy, hope, and admiration, so the second requires the outward worship of prayer and praise and solemn attendance on God's word. Those that truly love God will make it their constant care to keep His commandments, particularly those that relate to His worship. Those that love God, and keep those commandments, shall receive grace to keep His other commandants. 

3Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.....We take God's name in vain [1] By hypocrisy, making a profession. Those that name the name of Christ, but do not depart from iniquity, name it in vain. [2]  By covenant breaking. [mutual agreement between two persons or parties.]  The covenant between God and people are unique because God alone sets the conditions. The covenant God offers requires obedience and loyalty to Him alone. For those who agree to this, God gives His protective care, His assurance, His guidance, and His presence.  Of course True Christians believe these benefits far outweigh the costs.  [3] By rash-swearing,. Mentioning the name of God as a by-word, to no purpose at all, or to no good purpose.  [4] False swearing. ....Note: Christians ought to shun minced oaths such as the use of Gee, Gosh, and Golly. 

4"Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy".....Concerns the time of worship. God is to be served and honored daily, but one day in seven is to be particularly dedicated to His honor and spent in His service.  And, [v. 10], in it thou shalt do no manner of work. Note: It is designed for a memorial of the glory of the Creator, because He rested.... I find this, also. "There fore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath Day" [Col. 2:14-17].

5 ' Honor thy Mother and thy Father"......Out of conscience toward God; and to make their old age easy to them, maintaining them if they stand in need of support, which our Saviour makes to be particularly intended in this commandment, [Matt. 16: 4-6].  The reason"That thy days may be long in the land thy God giveth thee". A long life in that good land is promised particularly to obedient children. [2] A decent respect to their persons, an inward esteem of them outwardly expressed upon all occasions in our conduct [Eph. 7:3], obedience to their lawful commands; so it is expounded [Eph. 6:1-3].  [3] Submission to their rebukes, instructions, and corrections; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward, [stubbornly, self willed],  out of  conscience toward God. 


The Decalogue calls on the redeemed to respond to the grace they have experienced in salvation with covenant commitment, first to God, and then to others..

[1] God's right to exclusive allegiance [Exod. 20:3; Deut. 5:7].

[2] God's right to self definition [Exod. 20:4-6; Deut. 5:8-10]. 

[3] God's right to proper representation by His people [Exod. 20:7; Deut. 5:11].

[4] God's right to His people's time [Exod 20:8-11; a households right to humane treatment by the head of the house [Deut. 5:12-15].

[5] My parents' right to respect [Exod. 20:12; Deut. 5:16].

[6] My neighbor's right to life [Exod. 20:13; Deut. 5:17].

[7] My neighbor's right to a secure marriage [Exod. 20:14; Deut. 5:18].

[8] My neighbor's right to personal property [Exod. 20:15; Deut. 5:19].

[9] My neighbor's right to an honest hearing in court [Exod. 20:16; Deut. 5:20].

[10] My neighbor's right to a secure existence in the community [Exod. 20:17; Deut. 5:21]. 


         Moses on Mount Sinai                   Moses receive the Ten Commandments                Moses receive2                   The Ten Commandments        

6"Thou shalt not kill"......Thou shalt not do any thing hurtful or injurious to the health, ease, and life, of thy own body, or any other person's unjustly. It does not forbid killing in lawful war, or in our own necessary defense, but it forbids all malice and hatred to the person of any [for he that hateth his brother is a murderer], and all personal revenge arising therefrom; also all rash anger upon sudden provocations, and hurt said or done,or aimed to be done in passion. Note: Murder and marital infidelity, though seemingly only referring to outward acts, are in actuality based on far higher principles, as Jesus later set forth clearly in the Sermon on the mount Mat. 5:21-22; 27-28.  

The Sermon on the Mount:

The Christian may live above the demands of the law and the temptations of the world because he has an inner depth of character which is the product of the divine nature, which is the Person of the Holy living God within him.







Hate your enemy


No anger

No lust


Speak the truth


Love your enemy.

The first four statements protect the rights of the covenant Lord; the last six protect the rights of the covenant community. Jesus actually placed these laws on a higher plane by demanding that the Spirit as well as the legal aspects of the law be kept [Matt. 5:17-28]. Jesus placed Hs eternal stamp of approval on the law by declaring, "Do not think that I came to destroy the law or the prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill"  [Matt. 17-19].


7"Thou shalt not commit adultery".....Concerns our own and our neighbor's chastity:

This is put before the sixth by our Saviour in Mark 10:19: Do not commit adultery, do not kill; for our chastity should be as much afraid of that which defiles the body as of that which destroys it...Note: includes homosexuality and fornication.

8"Thou shalt not steal".....This command forbids us to rob ourselves of what we have by sinful spending, or of the use and comfort of it by sinful sparing, and to rob others by removing the ancient landmarks, invading our neighbor's rights, taking his goods from his person, or house, or field, forcibly or clandestinely>>existing or done in forced secrecy [physical strength], over-reaching in bargains, not restoring what is borrowed or found, withholding just debts, rents, or wages, and [which is worst of all] to rob the public in the coin or revenue, or that which is dedicated to the service of religion.

9"Thou shalt not bear false witness"....[1] Speaking falsely in any matter, lying, equivocating, and in any way devising and designing to deceive our neighbor.

[2] Speaking unjustly against our neighbor, to the prejudice of his reputation.

[3] Bearing false witness against him, laying to his charge things that he knows not, slandering, backbiting, tale-bearing, aggravating what is done amiss and making it worse than it is, and in any way endeavoring to raise our own reputation upon the ruin of our neighbor's.

10"You shall not covet"...The tenth commandment is an outgrowth of the first. 

          If our hearts are fixed on the Lord, we will have the right attitude toward others. The right motive [pleasing God who is first in our lives] will result in obeying the other commandments [not hurting others].

This is prophetess Catherine

have a good day+++