Circumstances did not bring Christ to the cross, the divine plan of God did. [Rom. 5:6,8]. At the time of man's greatest need, nothing but the Blood of Jesus [God in the flesh], would satisfy that need....Christ did not cease to be God when He became man, the God-Man, one person with two natures. The proper time had arrived for both God and man. The time appointed by the Father and foretold by the prophets. It was a time of outward prosperity and inward corruption. Religions of the world spiritually bankrupt, devoid of power to change men's lives, and had degenerated into feeble superstitions and mean less rituals. The pre-messianic period ended right on schedule. God sent forth His Son. There was no other way to save man.



According to the commonly accepted time table, our Lord was placed on the cross on an April Friday at 9:00 AM. Here He suffered for some six hours and gave up His spirit at 3:00 in the afternoon. Surely these were the most important six hours of all human history, spent upon a lonely hill outside a city.

 The first cross utterance: "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do" [Lk. 23:34]....Note: This prayer has bothered some, as it seems to be a blanket pardon for all involved in Jesus' crucifixion. Of course, we know this is not the case. Forgiveness can only come through faith [salvation type] [Eph. 2:8,9]. It has been pointed out by some that the word "forgive" here  can also mean "to allow", and is actually translated thereby on at least thirteen other occasions in the New Testament. If this should be the case here, Christ then would pray, "Father, allow them to crucify Me". Thus the prayer would be a plea to stay the wrath of a righteous Father as He viewed His beloved Son being murdered by sinful and wicked men [see Mt. 3:15].

 The second cross utterance: "Verily, I say to you, today shall you be with Me in Paradise" [Lk. 23:43].


Here we see three men:

a. One was dieing for sin. [our Savior]

b. One was dieing in sin. [the lost thief]

c. One was dieing from sin. [the repentant thief]

All classes of humanity were represented at the cross. There were the indifferent "the people stood beholding" Luke 23:35;  the religious "The rulers derided Him";  the materialistic "the soldiers parted His raiment and cast lots"; and the earnest seeker "Lord remember me" Luke 23:42



The cross is indeed the judgment of this world [see John 12:31].


 The Third Cross Utterance: "Woman, behold thy Son! Behold thy mother! This teaches that everyone has a responsibility to provide for and take care of his parents [Jn. 19:26,27].

The Fourth Cross Utterance: "My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken Me? [Matt. 27:46] Note: This prayer is deeper in its mystery and higher in its meaning than any other single prayer in the Bible. God forsaken by God! Who can understand that? The wisest and most profound Bible student feels utterly inadequate as he approaches it. It can never be mastered by the mortal mind, even though that mind has experienced new birth. Eternity alone will exegete it. There are so many unexplained "why" raised here.>>>[1] Why did the Father turn His back upon the Son? [2] Why did not even the Son know the reason? And [3] Why did innocent Blood have to be shed for forgiveness of sins?  The first and third of these questions are partially answered in Hebrews 9:22; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18; Isaiah 53. But what of the second question? Did not Christ know? According to Philippians 2:5-8, Christ voluntarily abstained from employing some of His divine attributes while upon this earth.

The fifth Cross Utterance:  "I Thirst". [Jn. 19:28]  This statement was another evidence of His physical suffering. See how little respect His persecutors showed to Him. There was set a vessel full of vinegar. They filled a sponge, and they put it upon hyssop, a hyssop-stalk, and with this heaved it to His mouth...A drop of water would have cooled His tongue better than a drought of vinegar. Note: Vinegar: This was a very strong wine.


PS. 22:15

The Sixth Cross Utterance: "It is Finished" [John 19:29]  Note: He did not say "I am finished" for He was just beginning.

Lifted up was He to die, "It is finished; was His cry; now in heaven exalted high; Hallelujah!What a Savior!"

The Seventh Cross Utterance: "Father, into thy hands I commend My Spirit" {Luke 23:46}. He was willing to offer Himself....Eternity alone will exegete it {Jn. 19:26,27}.

Elizabeth Clephane has so well phrased it:

"But none of the ransomed ever knew, how deep were the waters crossed; nor how dark was the night, that the Lord passed through, ere He found His sheep that was lost:.


He bowed His head: those that were crucified, in dying stretched up their heads to gasp f breath, and did not drop their heads till they had breathed their last; but Christ bowed His head first, composing Himself, as it were, to fall asleep.

NOTE: The pretended sanctity of hypocrites is abominable. They made no conscience of bringing an innocent and excellent person to the cross, and yet scrupled letting a dead body hang upon the cross on a Sabbath.

All four Gospel accounts record the death of Christ. But one wonders how such a thing could happen?  Was not Christ God incarnate? Indeed He was! How, then, could God have actually died on the cross? To explain this, we must return briefly to the book of Genesis. Here we are told of Adam's creation and of his tragic sin. God had warned him that disobedience would result in death, and so it did....In fact, it brought down upon the head of mankind two kinds of death: physical and spiritual. Both kinds of death here can be defined by one word: Separation. That is the biblical and theological meaning of the word death.

Physical death is separation, the parting of the soul from one's body.

Soul==Inner life of a person, the seat of emotions, and the center of human personality. Cont.